Publications

"Human Capital and Productivity in a Team Environment: Evidence from the Healthcare Sector," forthcoming in American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, July 2013 (with Ciaran Phibbs, Nancy Beaulieu, and Patricia Stone)

"Technological Change and the Make-or-Buy Decision," forthcoming in The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, June 2012 (with Saul Lach and Nachum Sicherman).

Can A Workplace Have an Attitude Problem? The Impact of Workplaces on Employee Attitudes and Organizational Performance,” Labour Economics, August 2011, (with Richard Freeman, Casey Ichniowski and Morris Kleiner).

"How Does Information Technology Really Affect Productivity? Plant-Level Comparisons of Product Innovation, Process Improvement and Worker Skills," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, November 2007 (with Casey Ichniowski and Kathryn Shaw)

Ownership versus Environment: Why Are Public Sector Firms Inefficient?,”Review of Economics and Statistics, February 2005 (with Ann Harrison).

Using Insider Econometrics to Study Productivity,“ American Economic Review, May 2004 (with Casey Ichniowski and Kathryn Shaw).

Human Resource Management and Organizational Performance: Evidence from Retail Banking,” Industrial and Labor Relations Review, January 2004.

"What is “New Technology” and How Has It Affected the Jobs of High-School Educated Workers: A Look Deep Inside Three Manufacturing Industries," in Eileen Applebaum, Annette Bernhardt and Richard Murnane, eds., The Future of Work, Russell Sage Foundation, 2002 (with Casey Ichniowski and Kathryn Shaw).

"Measuring the Employer's Return on Investments in Training: Evidence from the Literature," Industrial Relations, July 2000.

"Human Resource Management and Performance in the Banking Industry, " Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the IRRA, 1999 (with Richard Freeman, Casey Ichniowski and Morris Kleiner).

"Technological Change and Wages: An Inter-Industry Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, April 1999 (with Nachum Sicherman).

"Technological Change and the Skill Acquisition of Young Workers," Journal of Labor Economics, October 1998 (with Nachum Sicherman).

"Return on Investment in Training," in Laurie Bassi and Darlene Russ-Eft, editors, What Works: Assessment, Development and Measurement, American Society for Training and Development, 1997.

"Training, Wage Growth and Job Performance: Evidence from a Company Database," Journal of Labor Economics, July 1995.

"Workplace Training in the United States: Is It Underproduced?" in Sisay Asefa and Wei-Chiao Huang, editors, Human Capital and Economic Development, The W. E. Upjohn Institute, 1994.

"Productivity Gains from the Implementation of Employee Training Programs," Industrial Relations, Volume 33, Number 4, October 1994

"Technological Change and Retirement Decisions of Older Workers," Journal of Labor Economics, January 1993, (with Nachum Sicherman).

"Employee Training Programs in U.S. Businesses," in David Stern and Jozef M.M. Ritzen, editors, Market Failure in Training? New Economic Analysis and Evidence on Training of Adult Employees, Springer-Verlag, l99l.

"The Age of Technology and Its Impact on Employee Wages,"
Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 1990 (with Frank R. Lichtenberg).

"Where Do the New U.S. Immigrants Live?," Journal of Labor Economics, October 1989.

"Internal Migration of U.S. Immigrants," in Richard Freeman, ed.,
Immigration, Trade and Labor, NBER, 1988 (with Marianne Koch).

"Predation Through Regulation: The Wage and Profit Impacts of OSHA and EPA," The Journal of Law and Economics, October 1987 (with L. G. Thomas). (Reprinted in Robert B. Ekelund, Jr., The Foundations of Regulatory Economics, (Cheltenham, U.K.: Edward Elgar Publishing), 1998)

"The Comparative Advantage of Educated Workers in Implementing New Technology: Some Empirical Evidence," The Review of Economics and Statistics, February 1987 (with Frank Lichtenberg).

"The Skill Distribution and Competitive Trade Advantage of High-Technology Industries," in David Lewin, David Lipsky and Donna Sockell, eds., Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations, Vol. 4 (Greenwich, Ct.: JAI Press, 1987) (with Frank Lichtenberg).

"Some Economic and Demographic Consequences of Mental Illness," Journal of Labor Economics, April 1986 (with Paul Taubman).

"The Costs and Benefits of OSHA-Induced Investments in Employee Safety and Health," in John D. Worrall and David Appel, eds., Workers Compensation Benefits: Adequacy, Equity and Efficiency, ILR Press, 1985 (with L. G. Thomas).

"Direct and Indirect Effects of Regulation: A New Look at OSHA's Impact," Journal of Law and Economics, April 1985 (with L. G. Thomas).

"Wages, Non-Wage Job Characteristics and the Decision to Change Jobs," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, July 1982.

"Race Differences in Job Satisfaction: A Reappraisal," Journal of Human Resources, Spring 1981.

"Wages and Unionism in the Public Sector: The Case of Police,"
Review of Economics and Statistics, February 1981 (with David Lewin).

"Wage Growth and Job Turnover: An Empirical Analysis," in S. Rosen, ed., Studies in Labor Markets, University of Chicago Press, 1981 (with George Borjas).

"Earnings Growth on the Job and Between Jobs," Economic Inquiry, January 1980.

"The Migration Decision: What Role Does Job Mobility Play?," American Economic Review, December 1979.

"Health and Labor Market Success: The Role of Various Diseases,"
Review of Economics and Statistics, February 1979 (with Paul Taubman).

"Women and Crime: An Economic Analysis," Economic Inquiry, January 1979.

"Specific Training and Its Effects on the Human Capital Investment Profile," Southern Economic Journal, October 1977 (with George Borjas).

"Book Review of The Labor Supply for Lower-Level Occupations by Harold Wool," Monthly Labor Review, September 1977.

"Comment on Sewell and Hauser's 'On the Effects of Families and Family Structure,'" in P. Taubman, ed., Kinometrics: The Determinants of Socio-Economic Success Within and Between Families, North Holland, 1977.

"Middle-Age Job Mobility: Its Determinants and Consequences," in S.Wolfbein, ed., Men in the Pre-Retirement Years, Temple University, 1977 (with George Borjas).

"An Analysis of Firm Demand for Protection Against Crime," Journal of Legal Studies, June 1975.