to my NBER Working Papers:
to my abstracts/papers on the Social Science Research Network:
Knowledge-Capital Accumulation and Longevity,” in Measuring
Capital in the New Economy, ed. by Carol Corrado, John
Haltiwanger, and Dan Sichel, (University of Chicago Press,
policy and innovation in the U.S. pharmaceutical industry,”
in Public Policy and Entrepreneurship, ed.
by Douglas Holtz-Eakin (MIT Press, forthcoming).
Dual Effects of Intellectual Property Regulations: Within-
and Between-Patent Competition in The US Pharmaceuticals
Industry,” with Tomas Philipson, Journal of Law &
Economics 45, pp. 643-672, 2002.
Effect of New Drugs on HIV Mortality in the U.S., 1987-1998,”
Economics and Human Biology 1 (2003) 259-266.
Innovation, Mortality Reduction, and Economic Growth,” in
Measuring the Gains from Medical Research: An Economic Approach, ed.
by Kevin M. Murphy and Robert H. Topel (Chicago: University
of Chicago Press, 2003), pp. 74-109.
Effects of Medicare on Health Care Utilization and Outcomes,”
Frontiers in Health
Policy Research, Vol. 5, ed. by Alan Garber (MIT Press,
the Benefits of Newer Drugs Worth Their Cost? Evidence from
the 1996 MEPS,” Health
Affairs 20(5), September/October 2001, 241-51.
foreign direct investment transfer technology across borders?,”
with Bruno van Pottelsberghe
de la Potterie,
The Review of Economics and Statistics,
Aug 2001; Vol. 83, Iss. 3; pp. 490-7.
Allocation of Publicly Funded Biomedical Research,” in Medical Care Output and Productivity, Studies
in Income and Wealth Volume 62, ed. by Ernst Berndt and
David Cutler (University of Chicago Press, 2001), 565-89.
Effect of Pharmaceutical Utilisation and Innovation on Hospitalisation
and Mortality,” in Productivity,
Technology, and Economic Growth, ed. by B. van Ark,
S. K. Kuipers and G. Kuper (Kluwer Academic Publishers,
European Strategic Programme for Research in Information
Technologies (ESPRIT): An Ex-Post Analysis," in The
Political Economy of Industrial Policy, ed. by D. Neven
and Lars-Hendrik Roller (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin and
“Managerial Ownership and Firm Performance: A Re-examination
Using Productivity Measurement,” with Darius Palia, Journal of Corporate Finance: Contracting,
Governance and Organization 5(4), December 1999, 323-39.
“Information Technology and Its Impact on Productivity:
Firm-level Evidence from Government and Private Data Sources,
1977-1993,” with Bill Lehr, Canadian
Journal of Economics 32(2), April 1999, 335-62.
Use and Productivity Growth in Federal Government Agencies,
1987-92," with Bill Lehr, Journal
of Industrial Economics 46(2), June 1998, 257-79.
R&D Spillovers: A Comment,” with Bruno van Pottelsberghe
de la Potterie, European Economic Review 42(8), September
Impact and Organization of Publicly-Funded Research and
Development in the European Community,” with Maryann Feldman,
et Statistique 0(49-50), (in English), Jan.-June 1998,
Investment is Driving Economic Growth,” in
The Rising Tide, ed. by Jerry Jasinowski (New York:
Wiley, 1998), 163-9.
Shoring up Government Support,” in The
Future of Biomedical Research, ed. by Claude Barfield
and Bruce Smith (Washington: American Enterprise Institute
and Brookings Institution, 1997), 67-72.
(More and Better) Drugs Keep People Out of Hospitals?,"
American Economic Review 86, May, 1996, 384-8.
Market Institutions, Liquidity Constraints, and Macroeconomic
Stability," Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
28 (1995), 145-54.
Output Contributions of Computer Equipment and Personnel:
A Firm-Level Analysis," Economics
of Innovation and New Technology 3 (1995), 201-17.
Economics of Defense R&D," in The
Handbook of Defense Economics, Volume 1, ed. by K. Hartley
and T. Sandler. Handbooks in Economics, vol. 12. (Amsterdam,
New York and Oxford: Elsevier, 1995), 431-57.
Structure and Corporate Performance in Japan," with
George Pushner, Japan and the World Economy 6 (1994), 239-61.
the Convergence Hypothesis," Review
of Economics and Statistics 76(3), August 1994, 576-9.
Industry-Level Analysis of Import Relief Petitions Filed
by U.S. Manufacturers, 1958-1985," with Hong Tan, in
in the United States and Japan, ed. by Hong Tan and
Haruo Shimada (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994), 161-88.
International Differences in Educational Attainment Levels
Narrowed?," in Convergence of Productivity: Cross-National
Studies and Historical Evidence, ed. by W. Baumol, R.
Nelson, and E. Wolff (New York: Oxford University Press,
Investment and International Productivity Differences,"
in Economic Growth in the World Economy, ed.
by Horst Siebert (Tubingen: J. C. B. Mohr, 1993), 89-110.
De-Diversification and Its Consequences for Productivity,"
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
18 (1992), 427-38.
Perspective on Accounting for Defense Contracts," The Accounting Review 67 (4), 742-53, October 1992.
Stripping," in The
New Palgrave Dictionary of Money and Finance, J. Eatwell,
M. Milgate, and P. Newman, eds. (London: Macmillan, 1992).
Managerial Response to Regulation of Financial Reporting
for Segments of a Business Enterprise," Journal
of Regulatory Economics 3 (1991), 241-9.
Age of Technology and Its Impact on Employee Wages,"
with Ann Bartel, Economics of Innovation and New Technology
1 (1991), 215-31.
Impact of R&D Investment on Productivity: New Evidence
Using Linked R&D-LRD Data," with Donald Siegel,
29 (1991), April, 203-28.
Effect of Leveraged Buyouts on Productivity and Related
Aspects of Firm Behavior," with Donald Siegel, Journal
of Financial Economics 26 (1990), 165-94.
Effect of Ownership Changes on the Employment and Wages
of Central-Office and Other Personnel," with Donald
Siegel, Journal of
Law and Economics 33 (1990), October, 383-408.
Government Subsidies to Private Military R&D: The Defense
Department's Independent R&D Policy," Defense
Economics 1 (1990),
of Variables in Least-Squares Regression," American Statistician 44 (1990), 169-71.
in Measuring Industrial R&D," Research
Policy 19 (1990), 157-63.
Elastic is the Government's Demand for Weapons?," Journal of Public Economics 40 (1989), 57-78.
Effect of Control Changes on the Productivity of U.S. Manufacturing
Plants," with Donald Siegel, Journal
of Applied Corporate Finance, August 1989, 60-7.
to Federal Election Campaigns by Government Contractors,"
Journal of Industrial Economics 38, September
Project Data and Theories of R&D Investment," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control 13, 1989, 271-82.
of Measurement in Output Deflators," with Zvi Griliches,
Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 7, Jan. 1989, 1-9.
Impact of the Strategic Defense Initiative on U.S. Civilian
R&D Investment and International Competitiveness,"
Social Studies of
Science 19(2), 1989; also published (in French) in J.J.
Salomon (ed.), Science,
Guerre et Paix (Paris: Economica, 1989), 137-56.
Economics," in The
Portable MBA, Mary Anne Devanna and Eliza G.C. Collins,
eds. (New York: Wiley, 1989).
of the Internal Adjustment Costs Model Using Longitudinal
Establishment Data," Review
of Economics and Statistics 70(3), August 1988, 421-30.
Private R&D Investment Response to Federal Design and
Technical Competitions," American
Economic Review 78(3), June 1988, 550-9.
Improvements from Changes in Ownership," Mergers and Acquisitions 23(2), Sept./Oct. 1988, 48-50.
the Impact of Federal Industrial R&D Expenditure on
Private R&D Activity in the U.S.," in The
Relation Between Defence and Civil Technologies, Philip
Gummett and Judith Reppy, eds. (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic
Publishers, 1988), 68-87.
and Changes in Ownership of Manufacturing Plants,"
with Donald Siegel, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity,
Effect of Government Funding on Private Industrial Research
and Development: A Re-Assessment," Journal
of Industrial Economics 36(1), Sept. 1987.
Market Opportunities and the Structure of R&D Investment:
The Case of Energy," Energy
Economics 9(3), July 1987, 154-8.
Comparative Advantage of Educated Workers in Implementing
New Technology," with Ann Bartel, Review
of Economics and Statistics 69(1), Feb. 1987, 1-11.
Skill Distribution and Competitive Trade Advantage of High-Technology
Industries," with Ann Bartel, in Advances
in Industrial and Labor Relations, Vol. 4, D. Lewin,
D. Lipsky, and D. Sockell, eds. (JAI Press, 1987).
Duration and Intensity of Investment in Independent Research
and Development Projects," Journal
of Economic and Social Measurement 14, 1986, 207-18.
Prices and Induced Innovation," Research
Policy 15, 1986, 67-75.
Technology Flows and Productivity Growth: A Re-Examination,"
with Zvi Griliches, Review
of Economics and Statistics 66(2), May 1984.
Relationship Between Federal Contract R&D and Company
R&D," American Economic Association Papers and Proceedings
74(2), May 1984.
and Productivity at the Industry Level: Is There Still a
Relationship?," with Zvi Griliches, in R&D, Patents, and Productivity, Zvi Griliches, ed. (Chicago: Univ.
of Chicago Press, 1984).
the Link Between Gross Profitability and R&D Spending,”
20(5), September/October 2001, 221-2.
on Papers by Frank and Salkever and by Skinner and Wennberg,
in The Changing Hospital Industry: Comparing Not-for-Profit
and For-Profit Institutions, edited by David M. Cutler,
The University of Chicago Press, 2000
on Paper by Barro and Cutler, in Mergers
and Productivity, edited by Steven N. Kaplan, The University
of Chicago Press, 2000.
on Paper by McGuckin, Nguyen, and Reznek, in Labor
Statistics Measurement Issues edited by John Haltiwanger,
Marilyn E. Manser, and Robert Topel, The University of Chicago
(more and better) medicines keep people out of hospitals?”
(Pfizer Forum), The Economist, October 26, 1996, p. 63.
of The Performance
of Companies, by Stephen Nickell (Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell,
1995), in The Journal
on “Efficiency in manufacturing and the need for global
competition,” by Martin Baily and Neil Gersbach,
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity: Microeconomics
to Comment by Maarten Vendrik,"
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 28,
Dec. 1995. p. 455.
on " Productivity levels in Germany, Japan, and the
United States: Differences and causes," by Bart van
Ark and Dirk Pilat, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity: Microeconomics 1993.
Way to Measure IT's Productivity Contribution," The Brookings Review 12, Fall 1994, 2.
of International High-Technology Competition,
by F. M. Scherer, in
The Journal of Economic Literature XXXI (4), Dec. 1993,
on "Decade of Debt: Lessons from LBOs in the 1980s,"
by William Long and David Ravenscraft, in The
Deal Decade: What Takeovers and Leveraged Buyouts Mean for
Corporate Governance, edited by Margaret Blair (Washington:
Brookings, 1993), 230-234.
a Downturn, Cut Profits Before Jobs" New
York Times (Sunday Business Section), Feb. 16, 1992,
Section 3, p. 13.
More Productivity? Kill That Conglomerate," Wall
Street Journal (editorial page article), Jan. 16, 1990.
Issues in Restructuring," Institutional
Investor, June 1989.
Takeover Wars, Everyone Wins,"
New York Times (Business Forum article),
June 18, 1989.
Slash Corporate Overhead," Wall
Street Journal (editorial page article), Feb. 7, 1989.
Makes Plant Productivity Grow?," Wall
Street Journal (editorial page article), Dec. 24, 1987;
also published (in Italian) in Il
Sole 24 Ore (Milan), Jan. 20, 1988.
of The Burden of Government, by Edwin S. Mills
(Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1986) in Journal of Comparative Economics 12(2), June 1988, 304-5.
R&D Depletes Economic Might," Wall
Street Journal (editorial page article), Aug. 21, 1986;
reprinted in Impact, newsletter of the Institute of
Electrical and Electronic Engineers 11(1), May 1987.
“Sources of U.S. Longevity Increase, 1960-1997,”
NBER Working Paper No. 8755, Jan 2002.
“Benefits and Costs of Newer Drugs: An Update,”
NBER Working Paper No. 8996, Jun 2002.
Effect of Education on Medical Technology Adoption: Are
the More Educated More Likely to Use New Drugs?,” with Adriana
NBER Working Paper No. 9185, Sep 2002.
“The Effect of Changes in Drug Utilization on
Labor Supply and Per Capita Output,” NBER Working Paper
No. 9139, Sep 2002.
“Pharmaceutical-embodied technical progress,
longevity, and quality of life: drugs as ‘equipment for
your health’," with S. Virabhak, NBER Working
Paper No. 9351, Nov 2002.
Misery Love Company? Pharmaceutical Markets before and after the
Orphan Drug Laws,” with Joel Waldfogel, Jan. 2002.