Diffusion Approximations for a Markovian Multi-Class Service System with 'Guaranteed' and 'Best-Effort' Service Levels
Coauthor(s): Assaf Zeevi.
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This paper considers a Markovian model of a service system motivated by communication and information services. The system has ?nite processing capacity and offers multiple grades of service. The highest priority users receive a "guaranteed" processing rate, while lower priority users share residual capacity according to their priority level and therefore may experience service degradation; hence the term "best effort." This paper focuses on performance analysis for this class of systems. We consider the Hal?n-Whitt heavy-traffic regime where the arrival rate and system processing capacity both grow large in a way that the traffic intensity approaches one. We ?rst derive a multi-dimensional diffusion approximation for the system dynamics, and sub-sequently obtain a more tractable diffusion limit based on an intuitive "perturbation approach." This method enables us to compute various closed form approximations to steady-state as well as transient congestion-related performance measures. Numerical examples illustrate the accuracy of these approximations.
Source: Mathematics of Operations Research