On Evaluation Costs in Strategic Factor Markets: The Implications for Competition and Organizational Design
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This paper uses a formal model to study how evaluation costs affect competition for resources in strategic factor markets. It finds that relative scarcity may not always benefit resource sellers. Rather, when competition among resource investors passes a certain threshold intensity, miscoordination among investors increases to the point that sellers' expected profits decline. The paper extends the model to consider how investors organize to overcome managerial agency in resource evaluation. Two organizational designs are considered: (a) incentivization, wherein a lower-level manager is motivated by an incentive contract to evaluate resources for an investor, and (b) supervision, wherein evaluation is either handled directly or closely monitored by headquarters. The model suggests that competition among investors will be associated with a greater use of supervision, and that investors using supervision will tend to make lower offers. The paper also finds that supervision will be more common when valuable resources are rare.
Source: Management Science
Ross, David. "On Evaluation Costs in Strategic Factor Markets: The Implications for Competition and Organizational Design." Management Science 58, no. 4 (April 2012): 791-804.