Exploratory Learning, Innovative Capacity, and Managerial Oversight
When adaptation requires innovation, or the creation of variety, exploration is crucial. High levels of exploration thus imply variance-seeking rather than mean-seeking learning processes. Given high exploration, I find that organizational learning is more effective when projects operate with autonomy with respect to goals and supervision. As degree of exploration decreases, better results are associated with less autonomy on both counts. This contingent effect persists even when controlling for the emergence of deftness and comprehension.
Source: Academy of Management Journal
McGrath, Rita. "Exploratory Learning, Innovative Capacity, and Managerial Oversight." Academy of Management Journal 44, no. 1 (February 2001): 118-31.
Business Administration and Business