Gender and Workplace Perceptions Around the World: Evidence from the World Values Survey
We study gender differences in attitudes in the role of luck versus hard work in achieving success using data from the World Values Survey. Women are consistently more likely to report that success is a matter of luck. We consider several potential explanations: workplace discrimination, religion, household responsibilities, and political alignment. Our results favor explanations based on workplace discrimination and household responsibilities.
Source: Journal of Human Resources
Fisman, Raymond, and Maura O'Neill. "Gender and Workplace Perceptions Around the World: Evidence from the World Values Survey." Journal of Human Resources 44, no. 4 (2009): 858-870.