Macroeconomic Determinants of Consumer Price Knowledge: A Meta-Analysis of Four Decades of Research
Coauthor(s): Hooman Estelami, Alfred Holden.
For the past four decades, dozens of researchers have studied consumer price knowledge, often with disagreements on the extent of consumer' ignorance about prices. While some of these disagreements have been attributed to research design variations among studies, no inquiry has yet been made on the role of the economic environment on consumer price knowledge. Nevertheless, environmental factors such as interest rates, unemployment, and economic growth may significantly influence consumers' knowledge of prices. Certain economic environments may therefore provide marketers with the ability to utilize pricing tactics which rely on limitations in consumers' knowledge of product prices. Using a meta-analytic framework, this paper synthesizes the results of 297 previous price knowledge studies to document the effects of inflation, unemployment, GDP growth, interest rates, country of study, and passage of time on consumer price knowledge. The meta-analysis results demonstrate that economic factors have considerable influence on explaining variations in consumer price knowledge. Managerial and public policy implications of the findings in light of turbulent economic environments are discussed.
Source: International Journal of Research in Marketing
Estelami, Hooman, Donald Lehmann, and Alfred Holden. "Macroeconomic Determinants of Consumer Price Knowledge: A Meta-Analysis of Four Decades of Research." International Journal of Research in Marketing 18, no. 4 (December 2001): 341-55.