E. Tory Higgins
Leaders as planners and movers: Supervisors' regulatory modes and subordinates' performance
Coauthor(s): Antonio Pierro, Mauro Giacomantonio, Lucia Mannetti, Arie Kruglanski.
In three field studies, we found that leaders high in both locomotion and assessment tendencies (Studies 1 and 2: evaluated by subordinates; Study 3: evaluated by leaders themselves) elicited higher levels of performance from their subordinates (Studies 1 and 3: as assessed by the subordinates themselves; Study 2: as assessed by their supervisors) than leaders low in one or both of these tendencies. The research supports the notion that locomotion and assessment constitute critical regulatory functions whose conjunction is indispensable for successful performance, whether on the level of the individual (Kruglanski et al., 2000) or the group (Mauro et al., 2009).
Source: Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Pierro, Antonio, Mauro Giacomantonio, Lucia Mannetti, E. Tory Higgins, and Arie Kruglanski. "Leaders as planners and movers: Supervisors' regulatory modes and subordinates' performance." Journal of Applied Social Psychology 42, no. 10 (2012): 2564-2582.