Measuring Monetary Policy: A Factor-Augmented Vector Autoregressive (FAVAR) Approach
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Structural vector autoregressions (VARs) are widely used to trace out the effect of monetary policy innovations on the economy. However, the sparse information sets typically used in these empirical models lead to at least three potential problems with the results. First, to the extent that central banks and the private sector have information not reflected in the VAR, the measurement of policy innovations is likely to be contaminated. Second, the choice of a specific data series to represent a general economic concept such as "real activity" is often arbitrary to some degree. Third, impulse responses can be observed only for the included variables, which generally constitute only a small subset of the variables that the researcher and policy-maker care about. In this paper we investigate one potential solution to this limited information problem, which combines the standard structural VAR analysis with recent developments in factor analysis for large data sets. We find that the information that our factor-augmented VAR (FAVAR) methodology exploits is indeed important to properly identify the monetary transmission mechanism. Overall, our results provide a comprehensive and coherent picture of the effect of monetary policy on the economy.
Source: Quarterly Journal of Economics
Bernanke, Ben S., Jean Boivin, and Piotr Eliasz. "Measuring Monetary Policy: A Factor-Augmented Vector Autoregressive (FAVAR) Approach." Quarterly Journal of Economics 120, no. 1 (February 2005): 387-422.