The Second EGRET Catalog of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Sources
Coauthor(s): D. J. Thompson, D. L. Bertsch, B. L. Dingus, J. A. Esposito, A. Etienne, C. E. Fichtel, D. P. Friedlander, R. C. Hartman, S. D. Hunter, D. J. Kendig, J. R. Mattox, L. M. McDonald, C. von Montigny, R. Mukherjee, P. V. Ramanamurthy, P. Sreekumar, J. M. Fierro, Y. C. Lin, P. F. Michelson, P. L. Nolan, T. D. Willis, G. Kanbach, H. A. Mayer-Hasselwander, M. Merck, H.-D. Radecke, D. A. Kniffen, E. J. Schneid.
The third catalog of high-energy gamma-ray sources detected by the EGRET telescope on the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory includes data from 1991 April 22 to 1995 October 3 (cycles 1, 2, 3, and 4 of the mission). In addition to including more data than the second EGRET catalog and its supplement, this catalog uses completely reprocessed data (to correct a number of mostly minimal errors and problems). The 271 sources (E > 100 MeV) in the catalog include the single 1991 solar flare bright enough to be detected as a source, the Large Magellanic Cloud, five pulsars, one probable radio galaxy detection (Cen A), and 66 high-confidence identifications of blazars (BL Lac objects, flat-spectrum radio quasars, or unidentified flat-spectrum radio sources). In addition, 27 lower confidence potential blazar identifications are noted. Finally, the catalog contains 170 sources not yet identified firmly with known objects, although potential identifications have been suggested for a number of those. A figure is presented that gives approximate upper limits for gamma-ray sources at any point in the sky, as well as information about sources listed in the second catalog and its supplement, that do not appear in this catalog.
Source: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
Thompson, D. J., D. L. Bertsch, B. L. Dingus, J. A. Esposito, A. Etienne, C. E. Fichtel, D. P. Friedlander, Scott Shriver et al. "The Second EGRET Catalog of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Sources." The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 101 (1995): 259-286.